If the weather is rough, you probably do not want to go out driving but sometimes you want to. However, some conditions are more dangerous to drive in than others.
Rain and Flooded Areas
Rain makes braking and maneuvering harder already, but a flooded road will make this situation even more. In these cases, you need to go slower than the recommended speed limit, especially on highways because the rain also lowers your visibility. You also need to be a more courteous driver and allow more space in between the car in front of you.
Ice and Snow
Ice and snow will cause slipping and skidding the same way that rain would. You will want to brake earlier since brakes do not work as effectively on these road conditions. If it is snowing down on you, then proceed with even more cation than you would with rain.
In the Dark
Keep your low beams on during night time because high beams can blind drivers in front of you. You are at the least visible time of the day, so do not push the gas too much so you give yourself enough reaction time if something does come up on the road.
Fog does not seem like a big deal, especially when compared to flooding and snow, but it is dangerous because it changes how much and how far you can see the more you drive in it. Since fog itself moves and is thicker in some places than others, so you may see things closer but not far from you or vice versa. Changing lanes is more dangerous in the fog and headlights usually make it worse. Use your low beams because high beams get refracted in the fog and can blind more than one person.
A strong wind can knock over a large freight truck, so it definitely would do the same (or at least make it harder to steer) for a car. Try avoiding high-sided vehicles because they can swerve into you or roll over onto you. Keep both hands on the steering wheel and be even more cautious when changing lanes. Keep the windows up to hear the cars around you and you avoid hearing all the wind coming in.